Animalia > Chordata > Cephalaspidomorphi > Petromyzontiformes > Petromyzontidae > Petromyzon > Petromyzon marinus
 

Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker; Great sea lamprey; Green lamprey; Green sea lamprey; Lamper; Lamprey; Lamprey eel; Marine lamprey; Nannie nine eyes; Nine eyes; Sea lamprey; Shad lamprey; Spotted lamprey; Stone sucker; Sucker)

Synonyms: Ammocoetes bicolor; Batymyzon bairdii; Lampetra marina; Oceanomyzon wilsoni; Petromyzon americanus; Petromyzon bairdii; Petromyzon lampetra; Petromyzon maculosus; Petromyzon marinus dorsatus; Petromyzon marinus unicolor; Petromyzon nigricans
Language: Albanian; Catalan; Corsican; Croatian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; Gaelic, Irish; German; Greek; Icelandic; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Other; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) is a parasitic lamprey found on the Atlantic coasts of Europe and North America, in the western Mediterranean Sea, and in the Great Lakes. It is brown, gray, or black on its back and white or gray on the underside and can grow up to 90 cm (35.5 in) long. Sea lampreys prey on a wide variety of fish. The lamprey uses its suction cup-like mouth to attach itself to the skin of a fish and rasps away tissue with its sharp, probing tongue and keratinized teeth.
View Wikipedia Record: Petromyzon marinus

Invasive Species

Petromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) is an anadromous, eel-like fish that parasitically attaches and feeds on healthy fish. Petromyzon marinus is native to the east coast of the USA and the majority of the European coast but has been introduced to the Great Lakes through the canal system. Petromyzon marinus have contributed to the collapse of commercial fisheries and the extinction of three native species of cisco.
View ISSG Record: Petromyzon marinus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.03 lbs (1.38 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  8 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  8 years 9 months
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years
Migration [2]  Diadromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Afon Teifi/ River Teifi 1768 Wales, United Kingdom  
Alslev Ådal 1129 Denmark  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Borghorster Elblandschaft 568 Germany  
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Cabo Busto-Luanco 28662 Spain    
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Comprensorio Tolfetano-Cerite-Manziate 166977 Italy  
Conon Islands 297 Scotland, United Kingdom
Costa e Entroterra di Bosa, Suni e Montresta 20302 Italy  
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Delta del Po 61806 Italy  
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Elbe zwischen Geesthacht und Hamburg 1417 Germany  
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Estuário do Tejo 110634 Portugal  
Estuários dos Rios Minho e Coura 8384 Portugal  
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fiume Po da Stellata a Mesola e Cavo Napoleonico 7759 Italy  
Fondali marini di Ischia, Procida e Vivara 15113 Italy    
Gewässersystem der Luhe und unteren Neetze 6127 Germany  
Hamburger Unterelbe 1747 Germany  
Hamburgisches Wattenmeer 33977 Germany    
Heuckenlock/Schweenssand 319 Germany  
Hirsholmene, havet vest herfor og Ellinge Œs udløb 23376 Denmark    
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Hvidbjerg Å, Ove Sø og Ørum Sø 3884 Denmark    
Ilhas Selvagens 14214 Portugal      
Isole di Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone, Ventotene e S. Stefano 42423 Italy  
Kongeå 1989 Denmark  
Kurshskaya Kosa National Park 16376 Kaliningrad, Russia  
Kærsgård Strand, Vandplasken og Liver Å 1092 Denmark    
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
Løgstør Bredning, Vejlerne og Bulbjerg 110624 Denmark    
Monti Soprano, Vesole e Gole del Fiume Calore Salernitano 14762 Italy  
Mühlenberger Loch/Neßsand 1987 Germany  
NTP S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1118041 Germany  
Nationalpark Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer 684374 Germany      
Nibe Bredning, Halkær Ådal og Sønderup Ådal 46720 Denmark  
Nissum Fjord 27100 Denmark  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Nørholm Hede, Nørholm Skov og Varde Å øst for Varde 2449 Denmark  
Odense Å med Hågerup Å, Sallinge Å og Lindved Å 749 Denmark  
Osterautal 791 Germany  
Osteschleifen zwischen Kranenburg und Nieder-Ochtenhausen 122 Germany  
Ostoja Slowinska 79446 Poland    
Parco Regionale Oglio Sud 9941 Italy  
Parco marino di Punta degli Infreschi 12143 Italy  
Penarronda-Barayo 10544 Spain    
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Rapenskår 110 Sweden  
Rapfenschutzgebiet Hamburger Stromelbe 840 Germany  
Ria de Aveiro 127029 Portugal  
Ribadeo 4733 Spain  
Ringkøbing Fjord og Nymindestrømmen 68409 Denmark  
River Dee 6046 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Dee and Bala Lake/ Afon Dyfrdwy a Llyn Tegid 3234 England/Wales, United Kingdom
River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake 4529 England, United Kingdom
River Eden 6087 England, United Kingdom  
River Oykel 2373 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Spey 14158 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Tay 23469 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Teith 3243 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Tweed 9380 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
River Usk/ Afon Wysg 2490 Wales, United Kingdom  
River Wye/ Afon Gwy 5523 England/Wales, United Kingdom  
Rold Skov, Lindenborg Ådal og Madum Sø 21617 Denmark  
Rzeka Pasleka 20803 Poland  
Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor 14302 Spain    
Ría del Eo 4772 Spain    
SBZ 1 / ZPS 1 27164 Belgium  
SBZ 2 / ZPS 2 35751 Belgium  
SBZ 3 / ZPS 3 14038 Belgium    
Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano 12039 Italy  
Sieg 1527 Germany  
Siegaue und Siegmündung 1395 Germany  
Skjern Å 6375 Denmark  
Slereboån 123 Sweden  
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Stadil Fjord og Vest Stadil Fjord 17058 Denmark  
Store Vildmose 4579 Denmark  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Trzebiatowsko-Kolobrzeski Pas Nadmorski 43166 Poland    
Uggerby Klitplantage og Uggerby Œs udløb 1772 Denmark    
Untere Delme, Hache, Ochtum und Varreler Bäke 204 Germany  
Unterweser 11651 Germany  
Vadehavet med Ribe Å, Tved Å og Varde Å vest for Varde 332930 Denmark  
Vale do Guadiana 189151 Portugal  
Valli di Comacchio 41464 Italy  
Vene di Bellocchio, Sacca di Bellocchio, Foce del Fiume Reno, Pineta di Bellocchio 5540 Italy  
Villestrup Ådal 1329 Denmark  
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    
Wye Valley Woodlands/ Coetiroedd Dyffryn Gwy 2264 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Zalew Wislany i Mierzeja Wislana 100974 Poland  
Zollenspieker/Kiebitzbrack 269 Germany  
Ätran 557 Sweden  
Ålborg Bugt, Randers Fjord og Mariager Fjord 169472 Denmark  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Coregonus clupeaformis[3]
Lota lota[3]
Micropterus dolomieu[3]
Oncorhynchus kisutch[3]
Oncorhynchus mykiss[3]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha[3]
Salmo trutta[3]
Salvelinus namaycush[3]
Sander vitreus[3]

Providers

Parasite of 
Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish)[3]
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)[3]
Micropterus dolomieu (Smallmouth bass)[3]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[3]
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)[3]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[3]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[3]
Salvelinus namaycush (American lake char)[3]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Allopodocotyle lepomis[4]
Diplostomum huronense[4]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center

Distribution

Adour; Africa-Inland Waters; Albania; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baltic Sea; Beaufort Sea; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; East Siberian Sea; Egypt; Elbe; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Galician Shelf; Garonne; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Great Lakes; Greece; Greenland; Gulf of Mexico; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy; Laptev Sea; Latvia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lithuania; Loire; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Monaco; Morocco; Nearctic; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Norway including Iceland and the Barents Sea, south to northern Africa. Throughout the western Mediterranean but absent from eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Labrador, Canada to Gulf of Mexico in Florida, ; Northeast Atlantic: Norway including Iceland and the Barents Sea, south to northern Africa. Throughout the western Mediterranean but absent from eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Labrador, Canada to Gulf of Mexico in Florida, USA. Landlocked in Great Lakes, Finger Lakes, Oneida Lake and Lake Champlain, Canada/USA (Ref. 12269). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 40476).; Northeast Atlantic: Norway including Iceland and the Barents Sea, south to northern Africa. Throughout the western Mediterranean but absent from eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Labrador, Canada to Gulf of Mexico in Florida, USA. Landlocked in Great Lakes, Finger Lakes, Oneida Lake and Lake Champlain, Canada/USA (Ref. 12269). Vulnerable in Europe. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 40476).; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Rhine; Rhône; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Scotland (UK); Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tagus; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 3NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011