Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Percidae > Etheostoma > Etheostoma nigrum

Etheostoma nigrum (Johnny darter)

Synonyms: Boleosoma nigrum; Boleosoma nigrum nigrum; Etheostoma nigra; Etheostoma nigrum nigrum
Language: Danish; French; German; Mandarin Chinese

Wikipedia Abstract

The johnny darter (Etheostoma nigrum) is a species of darter native to shallow waters throughout North America east of the Rocky Mountains.
View Wikipedia Record: Etheostoma nigrum


Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Adult Length [2]  2.8 inches (7 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Speleophils (cavity generalist)
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  600
Maximum Longevity [2]  4 years
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada


Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[3]
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)[3]
Micropterus dolomieu (Smallmouth bass)[3]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[4]


Parasitized by 
Aethycteron hargisi <Unverified Name>[5]
Aethycteron nigrei[5]
Apophallus brevis[5]
Azygia angusticauda[5]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[5]
Bothriocephalus formosus[5]
Crepidostomum isostomum <Unverified Name>[5]
Cryptogonimus chili[5]
Diplostomulum scheuringi <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Fessisentis tichiganensis[5]
Gyrodactylus etheostomae[5]
Gyrodactylus stunkardi <Unverified Name>[5]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[5]
Leuceruthrus micropteri[5]
Ligula intestinalis[5]
Neascus pyriformis <Unverified Name>[5]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[5]
Plagioporus cooperi <Unverified Name>[5]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[5]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Canada; Colorado; Great Lakes; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins from Hudson Bay to southern Mississippi in the USA, and from Quebec in Canada and from Virginia in the USA to Saskatchewan in Canada and Colorado in the USA; and on Atlanti; North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins from Hudson Bay to southern Mississippi in the USA, and from Quebec in Canada and from Virginia in the USA to Saskatchewan in Canada and Colorado in the USA; and on Atlantic and Gulf Slope drainages in the USA.; St. Lawrence; Tennessee; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food habits and growth of walleye, Stizostedion vitreum , smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieui , and northern pike, Esox lucius , in the Kaministiquia River, Ontario. Stephenson, SA | Momot, WT Canadian field-naturalist. Ottawa ON [CAN. FIELD-NAT.]. Vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 517-521. 1991
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access