Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Esociformes > Esocidae > Esox > Esox masquinongy

Esox masquinongy (Maskinonge; Muskellunge; Allegheny River pike; Barred muskie; Great pike; Lunge; Mascalonge; Muskie; Ohio muskie; Tiger; White pickerel; White pike; Wisconsin muskie)

Synonyms: Esox masquinongy masquinongy
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Wikipedia Abstract

The muskellunge (Esox masquinongy), also known as muskelunge, muscallonge, milliganong, or maskinonge (and often abbreviated "muskie" or "musky"), is a species of large, relatively uncommon freshwater fish native to North America. The muskellunge is the largest member of the pike family, Esocidae. The common name comes from the Ojibwa word maashkinoozhe, meaning "ugly pike", by way of French masque allongé (modified from the Ojibwa word by folk etymology), "elongated face." The French common name is masquinongé or maskinongé.
View Wikipedia Record: Esox masquinongy


Adult Weight [3]  38.56 lbs (17.49 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  5 years
Male Maturity [3]  4 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Adult Length [2]  6.0 feet (183 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  225,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  30 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central Prairie United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
English - Winnipeg Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Tennessee United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Cyprinella spiloptera (Spotfin shiner)[4]
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)[4]
Dorosoma cepedianum (American gizzard shad)[4]
Labidesthes sicculus (Brook silverside)[4]
Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill)[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Pimephales notatus (Bluntnose minnow)[4]
Pomoxis annularis (Calicos bass)[4]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[4]


Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[5]


Parasitized by 
Azygia angusticauda[6]
Azygia longa[6]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[6]
Diplostomum flexicaudum[6]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[6]
Gyrodactylus fryi[6]
Hysterothylacium brachyurum <Unverified Name>[6]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[6]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[6]
Neoechinorhynchus tenellus[6]
Proteocephalus pinguis <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus stizostethi <Unverified Name>[6]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[6]
Triaenophorus crassus[6]
Triaenophorus lucii <Unverified Name>[6]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Toledo Zoological Gardens

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Canada; Great Lakes; Mississippi; Nearctic; North America: Native to St. Lawrence River - Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins. Introduced elsewhere in the USA. Native populations are protected in portions of Tennessee and Ohio.; St. Lawrence; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Feeding Ecology and Nesting Success of Forster's Terns on Lake Osakis, Minnesota, Gail Fraser, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, 1994
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access