Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Tetraodontiformes > Diodontidae > Diodon > Diodon hystrix
 

Diodon hystrix (Ajargo; Black-spotted porcupinefish; Giant porcupinefish; Hedgehog; Hedgehog fish; Porcupine fish; Porcupinefish; Sharptail mola; Spot-fin porcupinefish; Spotted percupine fish; Spotted porcupine; Spotted porcupine fish; Spotted porcupinefish; Spiny puffer; Freckled porcupinefish; Burrfish; Ballonfish)

Synonyms: Diodon armillatus; Diodon brachiatus; Diodon histrix; Diodon hystrax; Diodon hystris; Diodon hystrix hystrix; Diodon nudifrons; Diodon punctatus; Diodon spinosissimus; Diodon totara; Paradiodon hystrix
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Wikipedia Abstract

The spot-fin porcupinefish (Diodon hystrix), also known as spotted porcupinefish, black-spotted porcupinefish or simply porcupinefish, is a member of the family Diodontidae.
View Wikipedia Record: Diodon hystrix

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Acanthais triangularis[1]
Acrosterigma magnum (magnum pricklycockle)[2]
Aegires ortizi[3]
Americardia guppyi (guppy strawberry cockle)[3]
Aplysia parvula (pygmy seahare)[3]
Arca zebra (turkey wing)[3]
Arcopsis adamsi (adams ark)[3]
Arenaeus cribrarius (speckled swimming crab)[2]
Argopecten gibbus (Atlantic calico scallop)[2]
Atagema browni[3]
Barbatia candida (white-beard ark)[3]
Barbatia domingensis (white miniature ark)[3]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Brachidontes modiolus (yellow mussel)[2]
Calcinus tibicen (orangeclaw hermit)[2]
Calliostoma javanicum (chocolate-line topsnail)[3]
Caribachlamys ornata (ornate scallop)[3]
Caribachlamys pellucens (knobby scallop)[3]
Carpilius corallinus (batwing coral crab)[2]
Ceratophyllidia papilligera[3]
Ceratozona angusta[1]
Chama echinata[1]
Chama macerophylla (leafy jewelbox)[3]
Chama sarda (cherry jewelbox)[3]
Chiton stokesii (Stokes's Chiton)[1]
Conus amphiurgus[2]
Coralliophila aberrans (globose coralsnail)[3]
Coralliophila caribaea (Caribbean coralsnail)[3]
Coralliophila monodonta[4]
Dardanus venosus (stareye hermit)[2]
Dendrodoris krebsii (Kreb's doris)[3]
Diadema antillarum (long-spined sea urchin)[2]
Diodora dysoni (Dyson's keyhole limpet)[3]
Divalinga eburnea (cross-hatched lucine)[2]
Domecia acanthophora (elkhorn coral crab)[3]
Echinometra lucunter (rock boring urchin)[2]
Echinometra vanbrunti[1]
Echinometra viridis (Green boring reef urchin)[2]
Eoacmaea pustulata (spotted limpet)[3]
Eriphia squamata[1]
Erosaria spurca (Dirty Cowry)[3]
Eucidaris thouarsii[1]
Eucidaris tribuloides (slate pencil urchin)[3]
Euvola ziczac (zigzag scallop)[2]
Fasciolaria tulipa (true tulip)[2]
Felimida clenchi (harlequin blue doris)[3]
Fissurella nodosa (knobby keyhole limpet)[2]
Fissurella virescens[1]
Garthiope barbadensis (prickly mud crab)[3]
Geitodoris pusae[3]
Hemitoma octoradiata (eight-rib emarginula)[2]
Hexabranchus morsomus[3]
Hexapanopeus caribbaeus (Caribbean mud crab)[3]
Isognomon bicolor (bicolored purse-oyster)[3]
Isognomon radiatus (lister purse-oyster)[3]
Jenneria pustulata (Jenner's cowry)[4]
Laevichlamys multisquamata (many-ribbed scallop)[3]
Lima lima (spiny fileclam)[3]
Limaria pellucida (Antillean fileclam)[3]
Lithopoma caelatum (carved starsnail)[2]
Lithopoma phoebium (longspine starsnail)[2]
Lithopoma tectum (West Indian starsnail)[3]
Lithopoma tuber (green starsnail)[2]
Lobatus gigas (pink or queen conch)[5]
Luria cinerea (atlantic gray cowrie)[3]
Macrocypraea zebra (measled cowrie)[3]
Micropanope nuttingi (beaded mud crab)[3]
Microphrys antillensis (lobed decorator crab)[3]
Microphrys bicornutus (speck-claw decorator crab)[3]
Mithraculus cinctimanus (banded clinging crab)[3]
Mithraculus ruber[3]
Mithraculus sculptus (green clinging crab)[3]
Mithrax aculeatus[3]
Mithrax hemphilli[3]
Mithrax holderi[3]
Mithrax spinosissimus (channel clinging crab)[3]
Mithrax verrucosus (paved clinging crab)[3]
Monoplex pilearis (hairy triton)[3]
Pachycheles riisei (Riise porcelain crab)[3]
Pachygrapsus transversus (mottled shore crab)[1]
Paguristes anomalus[2]
Paguristes cadenati (red reef hermit)[3]
Paguristes grayi (Gray's hermit crab)[3]
Paguristes tortugae (bandeye hermit)[3]
Paguristes wassi[2]
Paraliomera dispar (black coral crab)[3]
Paraliomera longimana (longarm coral crab)[3]
Parapinnixa bouvieri[3]
Parapinnixa hendersoni[3]
Percnon gibbesi (nimble spray crab)[2]
Periclimenes pedersoni (Pederson cleaner shrimp)[3]
Periglypta listeri (princess venus)[2]
Persephona punctata[2]
Petrolisthes galathinus (banded porcelain crab)[3]
Petrolisthes jugosus (redwhite porcelain crab)[3]
Pherecardia striata[4]
Phyllonotus pomum (apple murex)[2]
Pilumnus diomedeae[3]
Pilumnus gemmatus (tuberculate hairy crab)[3]
Pilumnus holosericus (roseate hairy crab)[3]
Pilumnus lacteus (velvet hairy crab)[3]
Pilumnus longleyi (studded hairy crab)[3]
Pilumnus marshi (quadrate hairy crab)[3]
Pilumnus pannosus (beaded hairy crab)[3]
Pilumnus reticulatus[3]
Pilumnus sayi (spineback hairy crab)[3]
Platydoris angustipes (Common leather doris)[3]
Stenorhynchus seticornis (yellowline arrow crab)[3]
Stylocheilus longicauda (blue-ring seahare)[3]
Tegula lividomaculata (West Indian tegula)[3]
Tripneustes ventricosus (sea egg)[2]
Tucetona pectinata (comb bittersweet)[2]
Turbo castanea (chestnut turban)[3]
Vasula melones[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aethaloperca rogaa (Rockcod)1
Aetobatus narinari (White-spotted eagle ray)2
Albula vulpes (Bonefish)1
Amphichthys cryptocentrus (Sapo bocon)1
Anisotremus surinamensis (Thicklip grunt)4
Antennarius multiocellatus (Longlure frogfish)1
Arothron hispidus (poison puffer)1
Balistes polylepis (Finescale triggerfish)4
Balistes vetula (Turbot)4
Bodianus diplotaenia (Pacific hogfish)3
Bodianus rufus (Spanish hogfish)2
Calamus bajonado (Jolthead porgy)2
Calamus calamus (Sugereye porgy)1
Calamus pennatula (Sheepshead porgy)1
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)1
Canthidermis sufflamen (Filefish)1
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Cephalopholis cruentata (Grouper)1
Cephalopholis fulva (Yellowfish)1
Diodon holocanthus (Ajargo)3
Epinephelus adscensionis (Rockhind)1
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)1
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)1
Gerres cinereus (Yellowfin mojarra)1
Haemulon carbonarium (Redmouth grunt)1
Haemulon macrostomum (Spanish grunt)1
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)1
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)2
Halichoeres bivittatus (Slippery dick)2
Halichoeres poeyi (Black-ear wrasse)2
Halichoeres radiatus (Puddingwife wrasse)3
Labrisomus nuchipinnis (Molly miller)1
Labrus bergylta (Ballan wrasse)1
Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogftsh)1
Lactophrys bicaudalis (Trunkfish)1
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)3
Lutjanus apodus (Schooly)1
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)2
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)2
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)1
Prognathodes aculeatus (Poey's butterflyfish)1
Pseudobalistes naufragium (Stone triggerfish)4
Rypticus saponaceus (Three-spined soapfish)1
Sanopus barbatus (Bearded toadfish)1
Scartella cristata (Molly miller)1
Sphoeroides spengleri (Puffer)1
Sufflamen verres (brown triggerfish)3
Thalassoma bifasciatum (Tikitiki)1
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)4

Predators

Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[3]
Bodianus diplotaenia (Pacific hogfish)[4]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[3]
Cephalopholis panamensis (Panama graysby)[4]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[3]
Epinephelus itajara (Jewfish)[3]
Epinephelus labriformis (lateralband grouper)[4]
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[2]
Gymnothorax castaneus (Panamic green moray)[4]
Gymnothorax dovii (Speckled moray)[4]
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)[3]
Lutjanus argentiventris (yellowtail snapper)[4]
Lutjanus cyanopterus (Guasinuco)[3]
Lutjanus novemfasciatus (black snapper)[4]
Lutjanus synagris (Walliacke)[3]
Lutjanus viridis (Blue-and-gold snapper)[4]
Novaculichthys taeniourus (clown wrasse)[4]
Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike)[3]
Thalassoma grammaticum (Sunset wrasse)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bianium plicitum[6]
Floriceps saccatus[6]
Gymnorhynchus gigas[6]
Haemogregarina tetraodontis <Unverified Name>[7]
Molicola horridus[6]
Neobenedenia melleni[6]
Nybelinia indica[6]
Opegaster ditrematis <Unverified Name>[6]
Opistholebes diodontis[6]
Opistholebes elongatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Opistholebes equicotylus <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudocreadium diodontis[6]
Pseudocreadium laymani <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudogrillotia basipunctata[6]
Raphidascaris diadonis <Unverified Name>[6]
Raphidascaroides diadonsis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetrochetus coryphaenae[6]
Tetrochetus macrorchis <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Florida Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Oceanario de Lisboa
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Staten Island Zoo
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Agulhas Current; American Samoa; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Bermuda; Brazil; California Current; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Chagos Islands; Chile; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Circumtropical. Eastern Pacific: San Diego, California, USA to Chile, including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 37955). Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Massachusetts (USA), and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: 30°N to 23°S (Re; Circumtropical. Eastern Pacific: San Diego, California, USA to Chile, including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 37955). Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Massachusetts (USA), and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: 30°N to 23°S (Ref. 6951). Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Madagascar, Reunion and Mauritius (Ref. 33390). Mediterranean (Ref. 50345).; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Colombia; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; Easter Island; Ecuador; El Salvador; Fiji Islands; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Galapagos Islands; Great Barrier Reef; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aqaba; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; Hsiao-liu-chiu; Humboldt Current; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Israel; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kermadec Islands; Kimbe Bay; Kuroshio Current; Lingayen Gulf; Lord Howe Island; Madeira Islands; Malaysia; Maldives; Manila Bay; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Milne Bay; Montserrat; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; Niue; Norfolk Island; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Pitcairn; Polynesian Waters; Puerto Rico; Raita Bank; Red Sea; Réunion; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Paul's Rocks; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Salmon Bank; Samar Sea; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe; Seychelles; Sogod Bay; Somalia; Sorsogon Bay; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Thailand; Tonga; Trindade Island; Trinidad and Tobago; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); Yellow Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1A test of the Menge-Sutherland model of community organization in a tropical rocky intertidal food web, Bruce A. Menge, Jane Lubchenco, Stephen D. Gaines, Linda R. Ashkenas, Oecologia (Berlin) (1986) 71: 75-89
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food-Web Structure and Dynamics of Eastern Tropical Pacific Coral Reefs: Panamá and Galápagos Islands, Peter W. Glynn, Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs, eds. Tim R. McClanahan & George M. Branch, p. 185-208 (2008)
5Queen Conch Predators: Not a Roadblock to Mariculture, Darryl E. Jory and Edwin S. Iversen, Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 35:108-111. (1983)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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