Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Gobiidae > Gobius > Gobius niger

Gobius niger (Black goby)

Synonyms: Gobius brittanicus; Gobius fuliginosus; Gobius iozo; Gobius jozo; Gobius jozo pontica; Gobius longiradiatus; Gobius niger hispanicus; Gobius niger jozo; Gobius niger nigerrimus; Gobius punctulatus
Language: Albanian; Arabic; Catalan; Croatian; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The black goby (Gobius niger) is a species of ray-finned fish found in the Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. It inhabits estuaries, lagoons, and inshore water over seagrass and algae. It feeds on a variety of invertebrates and sometimes small fish. This species can also be found in the aquarium trade. This fish reaches a maximum length of 18 centimetres (7 in) TL. This fish's neck is scaled and both of its dorsal fins have a black spot on the front end.
View Wikipedia Record: Gobius niger


Female Maturity [1]  9 months 22 days
Male Maturity [2]  9 months 22 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Drigg Coast 3453 England, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Glannau Ynys Gybi/ Holy Island Coast 1147 Wales, United Kingdom  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Ruegen   Germany      
Sidmouth to West Bay 2217 England, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Taynish and Knapdale Woods 2388 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Vadills 154 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Carcinus maenas (green crab)[3]
Cerastoderma edule (Common cockle)[4]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[4]
Glycera fallax[5]
Glycera unicornis[4]
Gobius niger (Black goby)[3]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[4]
Microdeutopus gryllotalpa[3]
Neomysis integer[4]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[3]
Scrobicularia plana (Peppery furrow)[4]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Terebellides pacifica[4]
Terebellides stroemii[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Actitis hypoleucos (Common Sandpiper)1
Anguilla anguilla (River eel)1
Ciliata mustela (Rockling)1
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)2
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)1
Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew)1
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)1
Raja clavata (Roker)1
Raja undulata (Painted ray)1
Somateria mollissima (Common Eider)1
Spinachia spinachia (fifteenspine stickleback)1
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)1
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)1


Citharus linguatula (Spotted flounder)[6]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Gobius niger (Black goby)[3]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[4]
Liocarcinus depurator (harbour crab)[7]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[8]
Pagrus pagrus (Red porgy)[4]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[4]
Raja undulata (Painted ray)[9]
Serranus cabrilla (Learned rockfich)[5]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[4]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[4]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephaloides propinquus[10]
Acanthocephalus anguillae[10]
Acanthostomum imbutiformis <Unverified Name>[10]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[10]
Anisakis simplex[10]
Aphalloides coelomicola[10]
Ascarophis arctica <Unverified Name>[10]
Asymphylodora demeli[10]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[10]
Cardiocephaloides longicollis[10]
Cryptocotyle concava[10]
Cryptocotyle lingua[10]
Cucullanellus minutus <Unverified Name>[10]
Derogenes varicus[10]
Diplostomum spathaceum[10]
Echinorhynchus gadi[10]
Gyrodactylus flesi[10]
Gyrodactylus gussevi[10]
Gyrodactylus proterorhini[10]
Helicometra fasciata[10]
Hysterothylacium auctum <Unverified Name>[10]
Hysterothylacium fabri <Unverified Name>[10]
Lepidapedon elongatum[10]
Lepidapedon microcotyleum[10]
Macvicaria alacris[10]
Magnibursatus caudofilamentosa[10]
Podocotyle atomon[10]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[10]
Proctoeces maculatus[10]
Proteocephalus gobiorum <Unverified Name>[10]
Proteocephalus percae[10]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[10]
Schistocephalus solidus[10]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[10]
Stephanostomum bicoronatum[10]
Stephanostomum cesticillum[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Oceanario de Lisboa
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center


Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea: throughout North Africa from Cape Blanc, Mauritania north and eastwards to the Suez Canal; also along the eastern Atlantic coast northwards to Trondheim (Norway) and Baltic Sea. Also known from the Black Sea (Ref. 4646).;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Dietary composition and the potential of food competition between 0-group cod (Gadus morhua L.) and some other fish species in the littoral zone, Karen Fjøsne and Jakob Gjøsæter, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 53: 757–770. 1996
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002
6Feeding behaviour and daily ration of the spotted flounder Citharus linguatula (Osteichthyes: Pleuronectiformes) in the central Tyrrhenian Sea, PAOLO CARPENTIERI, TIZIANA CANTARELLI, FRANCESCO COLLOCA, ALESSANDRO CRISCOLI and GIANDOMENICO ARDIZZONE, Scientia Marina 74(4) December 2010, 659-667
7Feeding ecology of Liocarcinus depurator (Decapoda: Portunidae) in the Ría de Arousa (Galicia, north-west Spain): effects of habitat, season and life history}, J. Freire, Marine Biology (1996) 126: 297-311
8Feeding ecology of the velvet swimming crab Necora puber in mussel raft areas of the Ria de Arousa (Galicia,NW Spain), Juan Freire, Eduardo González-Gurriarán, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 119: 139-154, 1995
9Ontogenetic dietary shift and feeding strategy of Raja undulata Lacepe&#768;de, 1802 (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae) on the Portuguese continental shelf, Teresa Moura, Ivone FigueIredo, Inês Farias, Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Ana Neves, Maria de Fátima Borges and Leonel Serrano Gordo, Scientia Marina 72(2) June 2008, 311-318
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access