Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Scyliorhinidae > Galeus > Galeus melastomus
 

Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark; Black-mouthed dogfish; Blackmouthed dogfish; Blackmouth catshark; Blackmouth cat shark)

Synonyms: Galeus melanostomus; Pristiurus melanostomus; Pristiurus melastomus; Pristiurus souverbiei; Scyllium artedi; Scyllium artedii; Scyllium melanostomum; Squalus annulatus; Squalus delarochianus; Squalus prionurus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The blackmouth catshark (Galeus melastomus) is a species of catshark, and part of the family Scyliorhinidae, common in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean from Iceland to Senegal, including the Mediterranean Sea. It is typically found over the continental slope at depths of 150–1,400 m (490–4,590 ft), on or near muddy bottoms. The youngest sharks generally inhabit shallower water than the older juveniles and adults.
View Wikipedia Record: Galeus melastomus

Prey / Diet

Abralia veranyi (eye-flash squid)[1]
Alpheus glaber (red snapping shrimp)[1]
Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[1]
Bathypolypus sponsalis (globose octopus)[2]
Boreomysis arctica[1]
Calocaris macandreae[3]
Chauliodus sloani (Dannevig's dragonfish)[1]
Chelophyes appendiculata (Siphonophore)[1]
Chlorotocus crassicornis (green shrimp)[1]
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)[1]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[3]
Eucopia unguiculata[1]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[3]
Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Spotted rockling)[3]
Galiteuthis armata (armed cranch squid)[1]
Gnathophausia zoea[4]
Halice abyssi[1]
Heteroteuthis dispar (odd bobtail squid)[1]
Histioteuthis bonnellii (umbrella squid)[1]
Lampanyctus crocodilus (crocodile lanternfish)[5]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[5]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Monodaeus couchii[1]
Mora moro (goggly-eyed cod)[1]
Munida iris (Squat lobster)[1]
Munida tenuimana[1]
Natatolana borealis[1]
Notoscopelus elongatus (a lanternfish)[1]
Parapenaeus longirostris (deep-water rose shrimp)[1]
Pasiphaea multidentata (pink glass shrimp)[3]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[1]
Phronima sedentaria (Cooper of the sea)[1]
Phrosina semilunata[1]
Phycis blennoides (Greater fork-beard)[1]
Plesionika antigai (catalonian striped shrimp)[1]
Plesionika edwardsii (soldier striped shrimp)[1]
Plesionika gigliolii (Italian deep-sea shrimp)[1]
Plesionika heterocarpus (arrow shrimp)[1]
Plesionika martia (golden shrimp)[1]
Polycheles typhlops[1]
Pontocaris lacazei (hardshell shrimp)[1]
Pontophilus spinosus (spiny lobster)[1]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[1]
Rossia macrosoma (stout bobtail squid)[1]
Sepietta oweniana (Common Bobtail)[1]
Sergestes arcticus[1]
Sergia robusta[3]
Solenocera membranacea (Atlantic mud shrimp)[1]
Stomias boa boa (Boa dragonfish)[5]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepocephalus rostratus (Risso's smooth-head)2
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)3
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)2
Beryx splendens (Alfonsin)2
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Cataetyx alleni (Allen's brotula)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)1
Citharus linguatula (Spotted flounder)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)4
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)3
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)1
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)1
Etmopterus princeps (rough sagre)1
Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)5
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)1
Fistularia commersonii (Bluespotted cornetfish)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Genypterus capensis (Kingklip)1
Gnathophis mystax (Thinlip conger)1
Lepidion lepidion (Mediterranean codling)1
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)1
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)2
Lophius budegassa (Blackbellied angler)1
Lophius vomerinus (Cape monk)1
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)2
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Molva dypterygia (Ling)1
Molva macrophthalma (Spanish ling)2
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)1
Oblada melanura (Saddled seabream)1
Pagellus bogaraveo (Sea-bream)1
Phycis blennoides (Greater fork-beard)1
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)2
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Mediterranean longnose)1
Saurida undosquamis (Brushtooth lizardfish)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)3
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Synodus saurus (Atlantic lizardfish)1
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)1
Trachyrincus scabrus (Roughsnout grenadier)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2

Predators

Dalatias licha (Seal shark)[1]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Rajonchocotyle pristiuri[6]
Sphyriocephalus viridis[6]

Distribution

Adriatic Sea; Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Egypt; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Le Danois Bank; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Faeroe Islands and Trondheim, Norway southward to Senegal. Mediterranean Sea.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Plateau Seamount; Portugal; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 2CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 3Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 4Feeding ecology of deep fishes in the Le Danois Bank (Cantabrian Sea, North Spain), Preciado, I., Cartes, J., Velasco, F., Olaso, I., Serrano, A., Frutos, I., Sánchez, F., nternational Symposium on Oceanography of the Bay of Biscay (Vigo, Spain) (2006) 5Feeding ecology of demersal elasmobranchs from the shelf and slope off the Balearic Sea (western Mediterranean), MARIA VALLS, ANTONI QUETGLAS, FRANCESC ORDINES and JOAN MORANTA, Scientia Marina 75(4) December 2011, 633-639, Barcelona (Spain) 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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