Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Acanthuridae > Acanthurus > Acanthurus coeruleus
 

Acanthurus coeruleus (Yellow doctorfish; Yellow barber; Blur tang; Blue tang surgeonfish; Blue Tang; Blue doctorfish; Blue doctor; Blue barber)

Synonyms: Acanthurus brevis; Acanthurus broussonnetii; Acanthurus caeruleus; Acanthurus coerulus; Acanthurus heliodes; Acanthurus violaceus; Acronurus caeruleatus; Hepatus caeruleus; Hepatus pawnee; Teuthis coeruleus; Teuthis helioides
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Wikipedia Abstract

Acanthurus coeruleus is a surgeonfish found commonly in the Atlantic Ocean. It can grow up to 16 inches (41 cm) long. Common names include Atlantic blue tang, blue barber, blue doctor, blue doctorfish, blue tang, blue tang surgeonfish, yellow barber, and yellow doctorfish.
View Wikipedia Record: Acanthurus coeruleus

Attributes

Diet [1]  Herbivore
Water Biome [1]  Reef, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Park II 129688 Mexico      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Agelas dispar[2]
Aiolochroia crassa[2]
Amphimedon erina[2]
Aplysina cauliformis[2]
Aplysina fistularis (Yellow tube sponge)[2]
Aplysina fulva[2]
Aplysina lacunosa (Giant tube sponge)[2]
Cervicornia cuspidifera[2]
Chondrilla nucula (Chicken liver sponge)[2]
Clathrina coriacea (white clathrina)[2]
Cliona aprica[2]
Cliona caribbaea[2]
Cliona delitrix (Red boring sponge)[2]
Cliona laticavicola[2]
Cliona tenuis[2]
Cliona varians[2]
Cliona vermifera[2]
Cribrochalina dura[2]
Cribrochalina vasculum[2]
Dictyonella arenosa[2]
Dictyonella funicularis[2]
Dysidea janiae[2]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[2]
Gelliodes ramosa[2]
Geodia neptuni[2]
Geodia papyracea[2]
Halophila baillonis (Florida Keys seagrass)[3]
Hyrtios violaceus[2]
Igernella notabilis[2]
Iotrochota birotulata (Black bush sponge)[2]
Ircinia campana (Stinking vase sponge)[2]
Ircinia felix (Stinking vase sponge)[2]
Mycale laxissima[2]
Neofibularia nolitangere (Touch-me-not sponge)[2]
Neopetrosia rosariensis[2]
Neopetrosia subtriangularis[2]
Petrosia pellasarca[2]
Pione lampa[2]
Siphonodictyon brevitubulatum (short-tubed boring sponge)[2]
Smenospongia aurea[2]
Spheciospongia vesparium (Common loggerhead sponge)[2]
Strongylacidon griseum[2]
Syringodium filiforme (manatee grass)[3]
Tectitethya crypta[2]
Thalassia testudinum (turtlegrass)[2]
Verongula gigantea (Giant bowl sponge)[2]
Verongula reiswigi[2]
Verongula rigida[2]
Xestospongia muta (giant barrel sponge)[2]
Xestospongia portoricensis[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthurus bahianus (Shitty trooper)1
Acanthurus chirurgus (Doctorfish)1
Aluterus schoepfii (Tobaccofish)1
Archosargus rhomboidalis (Western Atlantic seabream)1
Cantherhines pullus (Tobaccofish)1
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)1
Chaetodipterus faber (White angelfish)1
Chelonia mydas (Green Turtle)1
Hemiramphus brasiliensis (Ballyhoo halfbeak)1
Lactophrys bicaudalis (Trunkfish)1
Scarus guacamaia (Blue rainbow)1
Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Black parrot)1
Sphoeroides spengleri (Puffer)1
Stegastes fuscus (dusky damselfish)1

Predators

Alphestes afer (Small grouper)[2]
Aulostomus maculatus (Trumpetfish)[2]
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)[2]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[2]
Cephalopholis cruentata (Grouper)[2]
Cephalopholis fulva (Yellowfish)[2]
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)[2]
Gymnothorax vicinus (Purple-mouthed moray eel)[2]
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)[2]
Lutjanus cyanopterus (Guasinuco)[2]
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)[2]
Mycteroperca tigris (Tiger rockfish)[2]
Mycteroperca venenosa (Yellow-finned grouper)[2]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[2]
Scorpaena brasiliensis (Barbfish)[2]
Scorpaena grandicornis (poison grouper)[2]
Scorpaena plumieri (Pacific spotted scorpionfish)[2]
Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthogyrus acanthuri[2]
Dichadena acuta[4]
Haliotrema teuthis[4]
Hapladena varia[4]
Hysterolecitha soganderesi <Unverified Name>[4]
Kannaphallus mochimae[4]
Macradena perfecta[4]
Macradenina acanthuri[4]
Mesolecitha linearis[2]
Neobenedenia melleni[4]
Otobothrium cysticum[4]
Schikhobalotrema obtusum[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cameron Park Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Florida Aquarium
Houston Zoo, Inc.
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Newark Museum Association
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Randers Regnskov
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rotterdam Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Tallinn Zoo
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Wonders of Wildlife Museum
Zoological Society of London

Distribution

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Ascension Island; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trindade Island; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: New York, USA and Bermuda to the Gulf of Mexico and Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Ascension Island (Ref. 7345).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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