Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Characiformes > Hepsetidae > Hepsetus > Hepsetus odoe

Hepsetus odoe (Pike characid; Kafue pike characin; Kafue pike; African pike)

Synonyms: Hepsetus akawo; Hepsetus fulvus; Hydrocyonoides odoe; Salmo fulvus; Salmo odoe; Sarcodaces odoe; Sarcodaces odor; Xiphorhamphus odoe; Xiphorynchus odoe
Language: Adangme; Adioukrou; Afrikaans; Aizi; Bemba; Creole, English; Danish; Ewe; Fang; Finnish; French; Ga; German; Hausa; Ijo; Jula; Kim; Krio; Lwena; Mandarin Chinese; Mòoré; Mor; Nupe; Other; Wolof; Yoruba

Wikipedia Abstract

Hepsetus odoe, the African pike characin is a predatory freshwater characin belonging to the family Hepsetidae. It was formerly considered that there was a single species of Hepsetus pike characin but recent studies have led to the species being split and Hepsetus odoe sensu stricto is the west African representative of the group.
View Wikipedia Record: Hepsetus odoe


Adult Weight [2]  4.85 lbs (2.20 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [3]  6,060
Maximum Longevity [4]  5 years
Migration [1]  Potamodromous
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Okavango Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Floodplain Rivers and Wetland Complexes    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Prey / Diet

Chromidotilapia guntheri (Guenther's Mouthbrooder)[3]
Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus (Mudfish)[5]
Coptodon guineensis (Guinean tilapia)[5]
Enteromius chlorotaenia[6]
Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bonga shad)[5]
Gobionellus occidentalis (Goby)[5]
Labeo parvus (African carp)[7]
Pelmatolapia mariae (Black mangrove cichlid)[3]
Petrocephalus bovei (Elephantfish)[7]
Sarotherodon melanotheron (blackchin tilapia)[5]
Schilbe intermedius (Butter catfish)[5]
Synodontis schall (Mandi)[5]
Thysochromis ansorgii (Fivespot African cichlid)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alcedo cristata (Malachite Kingfisher)1
Ceryle rudis (Pied Kingfisher)2
Citharichthys stampflii (Smooth flounder)4
Cynoglossus senegalensis (large tonguesole)3
Eleotris senegalensis (Sleeper goby)3
Eleotris vittata (Sleeper goby)4
Elops lacerta (Atlantic ladyfish)4
Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bonga shad)1
Eucinostomus melanopterus (Flagfin mojarra)4
Hemichromis fasciatus (Banded jewelfish)5
Hydrocynus forskahlii (Tigerfish)3
Ilisha africana (West African ilisha)1
Lates niloticus (Victoria perch)1
Lutjanus goreensis (Grouper)3
Pellonula leonensis (Guinean sprat)2
Polydactylus quadrifilis (Threadfin)3
Pomadasys jubelini (burro)4
Pseudotolithus elongatus (Niger corb)4
Pseudotolithus senegalensis (Ladyfish)4
Schilbe intermedius (Butter catfish)4
Schilbe mystus (Silver catfish)1
Sphyraena afra (Guinean barracuda)3
Strongylura senegalensis (Senegal needlefish)5
Trachinotus teraia (Shortfin pompano)1
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)2


Hepsetus cuvieri (African pike)[7]
Hydrocynus forskahlii (Tigerfish)[8]


Parasitized by 
Annulotrema biaensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Annulotrema hepseti <Unverified Name>[9]
Annulotrema macropenis <Unverified Name>[9]
Philometroides africanus <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Rotterdam Zoo

Range Map

Africa-Inland Waters; Africa: widespread from Senegal to Angola including Niger, Volta, Chad, Ogowe, Democratic Republic of the Congo and upper Zambezi Rivers; as well as in the Cunene, Okavango, and Kafue systems. Widespread in central and west Africa. Absent in the Nile R; Africa: widespread from Senegal to Angola including Niger, Volta, Chad, Ogowe, Democratic Republic of the Congo and upper Zambezi Rivers; as well as in the Cunene, Okavango, and Kafue systems. Widespread in central and west Africa. Absent in the Nile River; Zambian Congo and the Great Lakes (Ref. 7248).; Agnébi; Angola; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Bandama River; Benin; Benue River; Bia River; Botswana; Cameroon; Cavally River; Central African Republic; Chad; Comoé River; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Corubal; Cross River; Côte d'Ivoire; Eastern Flood Plain/Chobe River; Ethiopian; Fatala; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Great Scarcies; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Géba; Kogon; Konkouré; Kunene River; Kwando River; Lake Chad/Chari River; Lake Liambezi; Liberia; Linyanti Swamp; Little Scarcies; Loffa; Mano River; Moa; Mono River; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Nipoué; Ogun; Ouémé River; Pra River; Rokel River; Saint John; Saint Paul; Sanaga; Sassandra River; Senegal; Sewa River; Sierra Leone; Takamanda Forest Reserve; Tano; Togo; Volta; Zambezi; Zambia; Zaïre; Zimbabwe; Ébrié Lagoon;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Elakhame, L.A. and Sikoki, F.D. (2003) Observations on the ecology of Hepsetus odoe, Bloch, 1794 (Pisces: Hepsetidae) in Epie Creek floodplain, Niger Delta, Nigeria. In: 16th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON) , 4-9 November 2001 , Maiduguri, Nigeria.
4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
5Comparative analysis of trophic structure and interactions of two tropical lagoons, M.C. Villanueva, P. Lalèyè, J.-J. Albaret, R. Laë, L. Tito de Morais and J. Moreau, Ecological Modelling, Vol. 197, Issues 3-4 , 25 August 2006, P. 461-477
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Comparative ecology of the African pike, Hepsetus odoe, and tigerfish, Hydrocynus forskahlii, in the Zambezi River floodplain, KIRK O. WINEMILLER AND LESLIE C. KELSO-WINEMILLER, Journal of Fish Biology (1994) 45, 211-225
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access