Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Percidae > Percina > Percina squamata
 

Percina squamata (Olive darter)

Synonyms: Etheostoma squamatum; Etheostoma squamatus
Language: Danish; Mandarin Chinese

Wikipedia Abstract

The olive darter (Percina squamata) is a darter native to Tennessee, Kentucky, North Carolina, and Georgia, in the United States. It is found in the headwaters of Tennessee River system and the middle reaches of the Cumberland River system, its ideal habitat being clear, cold water over rocky substrates. It grows to a length of about 5 in (13 cm) and is an insectivore, feeding mainly on insect larvae on the riverbed. The fish matures at age two and lives till about age four. Up to 1500 eggs are spawned which fall to the riverbed and get lodged among gravel. The olive darter is classified as a "vulnerable species", being affected by habitat destruction and siltation, often resulting from damming and impoundment of the rivers or the creation of weirs. It is also affected by the change in the
View Wikipedia Record: Percina squamata

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Adult Length [1]  5 inches (13 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Litter Size [1]  1,500
Maximum Longevity [1]  4 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Nearctic; North America: found only in the middle Cumberland River drainage (Big South Fork and Rockcastle River) in Kentucky and Tennessee, and in the upper Tennessee River drainage in North Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia in the USA.; North America: middle Cumberland River drainage (Big South Fork and Rockcastle River) in Kentucky and Tennessee, and in the upper Tennessee River drainage in North Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia in the USA.; Tennessee; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
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