Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Centrarchidae > Lepomis > Lepomis punctatus

Lepomis punctatus (Spotted sunfish)

Synonyms: Bryttus punctatus; Lepomis punctatus punctatus
Language: Danish; Mandarin Chinese

Wikipedia Abstract

The spotted sunfish (Lepomis punctatus) is a member of the freshwater sunfish family Centrarchidae and order perciformes. The redbreast sunfish, bluegill and red-spotted sunfish are closely related species.Lepomis punctatus is olive-green to brown in color with black to reddish spots at the base of each scale that form rows of dots on the side. The scientific name punctatus refers to this spotted pattern. It was first described in 1831 by Valenciennes.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepomis punctatus


Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Omnivore, Planktivore, Detritivore
Adult Length [1]  8 inches (20 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Polyphils
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  15,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  

Prey / Diet

Gammarus mucronatus[3]
Leptochelia rapax[3]
Mytilopsis leucophaeata (Brackish water mussel)[3]
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (estuarine mud crab)[3]


Alligator mississippiensis (Alligator, Gator, American alligator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator.)[3]
Mycteria americana (Wood Stork)[3]


Parasitized by 
Camallanus oxycephalus <Unverified Name>[4]
Crepidostomum cooperi[4]
Eustrongylides ignotus <Unverified Name>[4]
Homalometron armatum[4]
Homalometron cupuloris[4]
Huffmanela huffmani <Unverified Name>[4]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[4]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[4]
Onchocleidus affinis <Unverified Name>[4]
Onchocleidus attenuatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Onchocleidus chaenobryttus <Unverified Name>[4]
Onchocleidus miniatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Onchocleidus parvicirrus <Unverified Name>[4]
Pilum pilum[4]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[4]
Pomphorhynchus lucyi[4]
Proterometra macrostoma[4]
Pterocleidus biramosus <Unverified Name>[4]
Spinitectus carolini <Unverified Name>[4]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[4]
Spinitectus micracanthus <Unverified Name>[4]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[4]
Thometrema lotzi[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Florida Aquarium

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Lake Waccamaw; Mexico; Nearctic; North America: Atlantic and Gulf Slope drainages from Cape Fear River in North Carolina to Nueces River in Texas, north in Mississippi River basin to central Illinois in the USA.; Rio Grande; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access