Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Siluriformes > Ictaluridae > Ameiurus > Ameiurus natalis

Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead; Bullhead)

Synonyms: Ictalurus natalis; Pimelodus natalis
Language: Danish; Finnish; French; German; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow bullhead, (Ameiurus natalis) is a species of bullhead catfish. It is typically yellow-olive to slatey-black on the back and sometimes mottled depending on habitat. The sides are lighter and more yellowish, while the underside of the head and body are bright yellow, yellow white, or bright white. The rear edge of its caudal fin may be rounded or nearly straight. The yellow bullhead is distinguished from the brown bullhead and black bullhead by its white barbels.
View Wikipedia Record: Ameiurus natalis


Adult Weight [3]  2.82 lbs (1.28 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years
Adult Length [2]  19 inches (47 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Speleophils (cavity generalist)
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [2]  500
Maximum Longevity [2]  7 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Temporary Pools

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park VI 854 Texas, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield V   Missouri, United States


Prey / Diet

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[4]
Anax junius (green darner)[4]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[4]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[4]
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)[4]
Hyalella azteca (Scud)[4]
Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Aquatic worm)[4]
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)[4]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[4]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[4]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[4]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)3
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)4
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)5
Ameiurus melas (Black bullhead)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)4
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)3
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)5
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)1
Archoplites interruptus (Sacramento perch)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)2
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)4
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)2
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)5
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)3
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)4
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)5
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)1
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)6
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)7
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)5
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)3
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)3
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)6
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)1
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)5
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)6
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)4
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)5
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)2
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)3
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)5
Strix varia (Barred Owl)3
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)1


Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[4]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[4]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[4]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[4]


Carex stricta (upright sedge)[4]
Hydrilla verticillata (waterthyme)[4]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[4]
Peltandra virginica (green arrow arum)[4]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[4]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[4]
Potamogeton lucens (long-leaf pondweed)[4]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[4]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[4]
Utricularia macrorhiza (greater bladderwort)[4]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[5]
Alloglossidium corti[5]
Alloglossidium geminum <Unverified Name>[5]
Alloglossidium kenti <Unverified Name>[5]
Corallobothrium fimbriatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[5]
Pilum pilum[5]
Pisciamphistoma reynoldsi <Unverified Name>[5]
Pisciamphistoma stunkardi[5]
Proteocephalus ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[5]
Spinitectus carolini <Unverified Name>[5]
Spinitectus micracanthus <Unverified Name>[5]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Jackson Zoological Park
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Newport Aquarium

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Canada; Danube; Europe - Inland waters; Great Lakes; Italy; Lake Waccamaw; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; North America: Atlantic and Gulf slope drainages from New York to northern Mexico, and St. Lawrence-Great Lakes and Mississippi river basins from southern Quebec west to central North Dakota, and south to the Gulf. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; North America: Atlantic and Gulf slope drainages from New York to northern Mexico, and St. Lawrence-Great Lakes and Mississippi river basins from southern Quebec west to central North Dakota, and south to the Gulf. Trade restricted in Germany (Anl.3 BAr; North America: Atlantic and Gulf slope drainages from New York to northern Mexico, and St. Lawrence-Great Lakes and Mississippi river basins from southern Quebec west to central North Dakota, and south to the Gulf. Trade restricted in Germany (Anl.3 BArtSchV). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Palearctic; Rio Grande; St. Lawrence; USA (contiguous states);



Species recognized by , 2014-05-19, FishBase in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by NatureServe. 2010. Digital Distribution Maps of the Freshwater Fishes in the Conterminous United States. Version 3.0. Arlington, VA. U.S.A.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011