Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Merlucciidae > Merluccius > Merluccius australis
 

Merluccius australis (Whiting; Southern hake; Patagonian hake; New Zealand hake; Hake; Haddock; Chilean hake; Blue whiting)

Synonyms: Gadus australis; Merlangius australis; Merluccius australis polylepis; Merluccius gayi australis; Merluccius gayi polylepis; Merluccius polylepis
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Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  7 years 10 months
Male Maturity [3]  7 years 2 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Prey / Diet

Coelorinchus oliverianus (Oliver's rattail)[4]
Lepidorhynchus denticulatus (Deepsea whiptail)[4]
Macruronus magellanicus (Patagonian whiphake)[5]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[4]
Merluccius australis (Whiting)[5]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[5]
Salilota australis (Tadpole codling)[5]
Sprattus fuegensis (chicken sprat)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Arctocephalus forsteri (Australasian Fur Seal)1
Cyttus traversi (horsehead)1
Dipturus innominatus (Smooth skate)1
Genypterus blacodes (Rock ling)3
Helicolenus percoides (Sea perch)1
Heptranchias perlo (Slender sevengill shark)1
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)2
Phocarctos hookeri (New Zealand Sealion)1

Predators

Merluccius australis (Whiting)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[6]
Anthocotyle americanus[6]
Anthocotyle merluccii[6]
Aporocotyle australis <Unverified Name>[6]
Clestobothrium crassiceps[6]
Derogenes varicus[6]
Elytrophalloides oatesi[6]
Gonocerca phycidis[6]
Grillotia heptanchi[6]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[6]
Lecithochirium genypteri[6]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[6]

Distribution

Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southwest; Australia; Chile; Circumglobal in the southern hemisphere (Ref. 7300). Two distinct groups. New Zealand population: Chatham Rise, Campbell Plateau and South Island northward to the East Cape. Patagonian population: Chiloé Island in the Pacific, southward around the so; Circumglobal in the southern hemisphere (Ref. 7300). Two distinct groups. New Zealand population: Chatham Rise, Campbell Plateau and South Island northward to the East Cape. Patagonian population: Chiloé Island in the Pacific, southward around the southern tip of South America to the continental shelf to 59°S, and the slope north to 38°S in the Atlantic.; Humboldt Current; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Patagonian Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; West Central Australian Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Inter-annual variability in the diets of hoki, hake, and ling on the Chatham Rise from 1990 to 2009, P. L. Horn, M. R. Dunn, New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 54 (2010) 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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