Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Rajiformes > Rajidae > Dipturus > Dipturus batis
 

Dipturus batis (Blue skate; Common European skate; Skate; Gray skate; Flapper skate; Common skate; Blue grey skate; Spiegelrochen)

Synonyms: Batis vulgaris; Propterygia hyposticta; Raia gaimardi; Raja batis
Language: Albanian; Catalan; Croatian; Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Icelandic; Italian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Manx; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The common skate or blue skate (Dipturus batis) is the largest skate in the world attaining a length of more than 250 cm. Historically, it was one of the most abundant skates in the northeast Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Despite its name, today it appears to be absent from much of this range. Where previously abundant, fisheries directly targeted this skate, elsewhere it is caught incidentally as by-catch.
View Wikipedia Record: Dipturus batis

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Dipturus batis

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  117.74 lbs (53.41 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  11 years
Male Maturity [1]  11 years
Litter Size [1]  40
Maximum Longevity [1]  50 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[2]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[2]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[2]
Cancer pagurus (Rock crab)[2]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[2]
Cerastoderma edule (Common cockle)[2]
Chelidonichthys cuculus (cockoo gurnard)[2]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[2]
Crangon allmanni[2]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[2]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[2]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[2]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[3]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[2]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[2]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[2]
Liocarcinus depurator (harbour crab)[2]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[2]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[2]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[2]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Microstomus kitt (Sweet fluke)[2]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[2]
Pandalina brevirostris[2]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[3]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[2]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[2]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[2]
Raja clavata (Roker)[2]
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)[2]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[2]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[2]
Solea solea (True sole)[2]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[2]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[2]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)2
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)4
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)2
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)1
Conger conger (Conger)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)1
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)2
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)1
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)3
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)1
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)1
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)2
Molva dypterygia (Ling)1
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)2
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja clavata (Roker)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)1
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthobothrium icelandicum[5]
Acanthobothrium parvum[5]
Acanthobothrium rajaebatis[5]
Ascaris rajae <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicotyle kroyeri[5]
Calliobothrium verticillatum[5]
Echeneibothrium dubium[5]
Echeneibothrium minutum[5]
Grillotia erinaceus[5]
Micropharynx parasitica <Unverified Name>[5]
Paracanthocheilus rajae <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudanisakis tricupola <Unverified Name>[5]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: Norway, Iceland, the Faroes to Senegal, including western Mediterranean and western part of the Baltic. Extirpated by trawling from much of its former range (Ref. 27438).; England and Wales (UK); Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy; Le Danois Bank; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Portugal; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503 4Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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