Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Sarotherodon > Sarotherodon melanotheron
 

Sarotherodon melanotheron (blackchin tilapia)

Synonyms: Chromis heudelotii; Chromis macrocephalus; Chromis microcephalus; Melanogenes macrocephalus; Melanogenes microcephalus; Sarotherodon melanotheron heudelotii; Sarotherodon melanotheron leonensis; Sarotherodon melanotheron melanotheron; Sarotherodon melanotheron paludinosus; Tilapia heudeloti; Tilapia heudelotii; Tilapia heudelotii heudelotii; Tilapia heudelotii macrocephala; Tilapia leonensis; Tilapia macrocephala; Tilapia melanotheron; Tilapia microcephala; Tilapia multifasciata macrostoma; Tilapia rangii

Attributes

Diet [1]  Herbivore, Planktivore, Detritivore
Adult Length [2]  11 inches (28 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  On/In self
Litter Size [2]  400
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Coastal, Brackish Water

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]

Predators

Alcedo cristata (Malachite Kingfisher)[4]
Caranx hippos (Yellow cavalli)[5]
Ceryle rudis (Pied Kingfisher)[4]
Citharichthys stampflii (Smooth flounder)[5]
Cynoglossus senegalensis (large tonguesole)[5]
Eleotris senegalensis (Sleeper goby)[5]
Eleotris vittata (Sleeper goby)[5]
Elops lacerta (Atlantic ladyfish)[5]
Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bonga shad)[5]
Eucinostomus melanopterus (Flagfin mojarra)[5]
Hemichromis fasciatus (Banded jewelfish)[5]
Hepsetus odoe (Pike characid)[5]
Polydactylus quadrifilis (Threadfin)[5]
Pomadasys jubelini (burro)[5]
Pseudotolithus elongatus (Niger corb)[5]
Pseudotolithus senegalensis (Ladyfish)[5]
Schilbe intermedius (Butter catfish)[5]
Sphyraena afra (Guinean barracuda)[5]
Strongylura senegalensis (Senegal needlefish)[5]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Arnola microcirrus[3]
Ascaris lumbricoides <Unverified Name>[6]
Bacciger israelensis[3]
Centroderma spinosissima[3]
Cichlidogyrus acerbus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cichlidogyrus erectus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cichlidogyrus gibbus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cichlidogyrus halinus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cichlidogyrus lagoonaris <Unverified Name>[6]
Cichlidogyrus longicornis[6]
Cichlidogyrus magnus <Unverified Name>[6]
Clinostomum tilapiae <Unverified Name>[6]
Enterogyrus foratus <Unverified Name>[6]
Euclinostomum heterostomum <Unverified Name>[6]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[6]
Gyrodactylus cichlidarum <Unverified Name>[6]
Lepocreadium album[3]
Mesometra brachycoelia[3]
Mesometra orbicularis[3]
Necator americanus (hookworm)[6]
Robphildollfusium fractum[3]
Scutogyrus minus <Unverified Name>[6]

Distribution

Africa-Inland Waters; America, North - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Cambodia; Casamance River; Ethiopian; Gambia; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Géba; Konkouré; Liberia; Mauritania; Nearctic; Oriental; Rokel River; Saloum; Senegal; Sierra Leone; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food niche segregation between the Malachite Kingfisher, Alcedo cristata, and the Pied Kingfisher, Ceryle rudis, at Lake Nokoué, Bénin, Roland Libois and Arnaud Laudelout, Ostrich 2004, 75(1&2): 32–38
5Comparative analysis of trophic structure and interactions of two tropical lagoons, M.C. Villanueva, P. Lalèyè, J.-J. Albaret, R. Laë, L. Tito de Morais and J. Moreau, Ecological Modelling, Vol. 197, Issues 3-4 , 25 August 2006, P. 461-477
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access