Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Ranidae > Lithobates sphenocephalus > Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus
 

Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)

Synonyms: Rana halecina sphenocephala; Rana pipiens sphenocephala; Rana sphenocephala; Rana sphenocephala sphenocephala; Rana utricularia sphenocephala

Attributes

Diet [1]  Omnivore
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Temporary Pools

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Fort Matanzas National Monument III 269 Florida, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[2]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[2]
Aquarius remigis (Common water strider)[2]
Armadillidium vulgare (pillbug)[2]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[2]
Calliphora vomitoria (Blue bottle fly)[2]
Calopteryx maculata (Ebony jewelwing)[2]
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)[2]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[2]
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)[2]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[2]
Hyalella azteca (Scud)[2]
Lithobius forficatus (Brown centipede)[2]
Macrocyclops albidus (Copepod)[2]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[2]
Misumena vatia (flower spider)[2]
Odontopus calceatus (Sassafras weevil)[2]
Phidippus audax (Daring Jumping Spider)[2]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[2]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[2]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[2]
Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)[2]
Pediastrum boryanum (Green algae)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)8
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)2
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)8
Ameiurus melas (Black bullhead)1
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)3
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)16
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)3
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)4
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)1
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)4
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)3
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)6
Castor canadensis (american beaver)1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)5
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)2
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)6
Coluber constrictor (Eastern Racer)1
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)2
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)11
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)5
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)4
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)2
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)1
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)7
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)3
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)8
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)7
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)5
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)1
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)5
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)5
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)7
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)13
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)1
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)8
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)5
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)7
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)6
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)5
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)9
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)5
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)8
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)5
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)4
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)9
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)6
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)7
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)4
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)4
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)12
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)3
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)3
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)6
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)3
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)7
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)6
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)4
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)5
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)1
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)6
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)3
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)7
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)11
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)3
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)4

Predators

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[2]
Agkistrodon piscivorus (conanti)[3]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[2]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[2]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[2]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[2]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[2]
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)[2]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[2]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[2]
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)[2]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[2]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[2]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[2]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[2]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[2]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[2]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[2]
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)[2]

Providers

Shelter 
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[2]
Bidens frondosa (Devil's Beggarticks)[2]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[2]
Cephalanthus tetrandra (Buttonbush)[2]
Eupatorium maculatum (Spotted Joe-pye Weed)[2]
Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)[2]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[2]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[2]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[2]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[2]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[2]
Potamogeton nodosus (long-leaf pondweed)[2]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[2]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[2]
Symphyotrichum dumosum (Small White Aster)[2]
Symplocarpus foetidus (Skunk Cabbage)[2]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[2]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[2]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[2]
Utricularia macrorhiza (greater bladderwort)[2]
Verbascum thapsus (great mullein)[2]
Pediastrum boryanum (Green algae)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Centrorhynchus cystacanth <Unverified Name>[4]
Megalodiscus americanus <Unverified Name>[4]
Megalodiscus temperatus[4]
Rhabdias joaquinensis <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Louisville Zoological Garden
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Reid Park Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Virginia Living Museum
Zoo of Acadiana

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 3Sexual dimorphism in head shape and diet in the cottonmouth snake (Agkistrodon piscivorus), Shawn E. Vincent, Anthony Herrel and Duncan J. Irschick, J. Zool., Lond. (2004) 264, 53–59 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011