Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica) is a Prunus species with many varieties. These are often called "plums" or "sugar plums" in common English, though not all plums belong to this species. Its hybrid parentage is believed to be Prunus spinosa and Prunus cerasifera var. divaricata. This is the most commonly grown plum at least in Europe, and most prunes (dried plums) are made from fruits of this species.
Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
A green dye can be obtained from the leaves;
A dark grey to green dye can be obtained from the fruit;
A yellow dye is obtained from the bark;
A gum obtained from points of damage along the stem can be used as an adhesive;
The ground up seeds are used cosmetically in the production of face-masks for dry skin;
A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed; No details of its uses.
Wood - hard, compact. Used for musical instruments;