Animalia > Arthropoda > Malacostraca > Euphausiacea > Euphausiidae > Euphausia > Euphausia pacifica
 

Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)

Wikipedia Abstract

Euphausia pacifica, the North Pacific krill, is a euphausid that lives in the northern Pacific Ocean.In Japan, E. pacifica is called isada krill or tsunonashi okiami (ツノナシオキアミ). It is found from Suruga Bay northwards, including all of the Sea of Japan and the south-western part of the Sea of Okhotsk. E. pacifica is fished from Cape Inubo north. The annual catch of krill in Japanese seas is limited to 70,000 metric tonnes by government regulations. E.
View Wikipedia Record: Euphausia pacifica

Attributes

Speed [1]  0.27 MPH (.12 m/s)

Predators

Acropoma japonicum (Blackmouth splitfin)[2]
Alcichthys elongatus[2]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[3]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[3]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[4]
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)[2]
Balaenoptera edeni (Bryde's whale)[2]
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)[4]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[2]
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)[5]
Bathyraja trachura (Roughtail skate)[6]
Benthosema pterotum (Spinycheek lanternfish)[2]
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)[2]
Brama japonica (Bigtooth pomfret)[2]
Chlorophthalmus borealis[2]
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte's Gull)[3]
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)[7]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[2]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[8]
Cottiusculus schmidti (Sculpin)[2]
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)[2]
Dexistes rikuzenius (Rikuzen flounder)[2]
Diaphus coeruleus (Blue lanternfish)[2]
Diaphus theta (California headlightfish)[9]
Erisphex pottii (Spotted velvetfish)[2]
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)[4]
Eubalaena japonica (North Pacific Right Whale)[10]
Eupleurogrammus muticus (Smallhead ribbonfish)[2]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[2]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[2]
Glossanodon semifasciatus (Japanese silverside)[2]
Helicolenus hilgendorfii (Hilgendorf's saucord)[2]
Jaydia lineata (Cardinal fish)[2]
Laemonema longipes (Longfin codling)[2]
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)[11]
Larimichthys polyactis (Yellowfish)[12]
Leuroglossus stilbius (Southern smooth-tongue)[13]
Liparis tessellatus (Snailfish)[2]
Lyopsetta exilis (Slender sole)[7]
Malacocottus zonurus (Bartail sculpin)[2]
Manta birostris (Skeete)[2]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[4]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[2]
Microstomus pacificus (Slippery sole)[3]
Notoscopelus japonicus (Japanese lanternfish)[14]
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)[3]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[2]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[3]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[3]
Phalaropus fulicarius (Red Phalarope)[2]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[2]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[3]
Pterothrissus gissu (Japanese gissu)[2]
Ptychoramphus aleuticus (Cassin's Auklet)[15]
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)[3]
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)[16]
Regalecus russelii[2]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[17]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[3]
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)[18]
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)[19]
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)[18]
Sebastes diploproa (Splitnose rockfish)[18]
Sebastes elongatus (Greenstripe rockfish)[3]
Sebastes entomelas (Widow rockfish)[2]
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)[18]
Sebastes jordani (Slender rockfish)[3]
Sebastes maliger (Rockfish)[19]
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)[3]
Sebastes pinniger (Rockfish)[18]
Sebastes serranoides (Rockfish)[20]
Sebastes wilsoni (Wilson's rockfish)[3]
Sebastes zacentrus (Sharpchin rockfish)[3]
Sebastolobus alascanus (Channel rockcod)[3]
Sergia lucens (sakura shrimp)[2]
Setipinna taty (Scaly hairfin anchovy)[2]
Sigmops gracilis (Slender fangjaw)[21]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)[9]
Synagrops japonicus (Japanese splitfin)[2]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[4]
Tarletonbeania crenularis (Blue lanternfish)[22]
Thryssa kammalensis (Malabar thryssa)[2]
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)[3]
Todarodes pacificus (Japanese common squid)[2]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[3]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[23]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[24]
Nybelinia surmenicola[24]

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1"Pelagic Fishes and Their Macroplankton Prey: Swimming Speeds", Sergey M. Ignatyev, Proceedings • Forage Fishes in Marine Ecosystems, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, AK-SG-97-01, 1997, p. 31-39
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
4Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
5Diet and Ecomorphology of the Sandpaper Skate, Bathyraja kincaidii (Garman, 1908) from the Eastern North Pacific, Christopher Scott Rinewalt, Masters Thesis, California State University, Monterey Bay (2007)
6TROPHIC INTERACTIONS OF BATHYRAJA TRACHURA AND SYMPATRIC FISHES, Mariah Dawson Boyle, Masters Thesis, California State University Monterey Bay, 2010
7FEEDING HABITS OF DOVER SOLE, MICROSTOMUS PACIFICUS; REX SOLE, GLYPTOCEPHALUS ZACHIRUS; SLENDER SOLE, LYOPSETTA EXILIS; AND PACIFIC SANDDAB, CITHARICHTHYS SORDIDUS, IN A REGION OF DIVERSE SEDIMENTS AND BATHYMETRY OFF OREGON, William G. Pearcy, Danil Hancock, Fish Bull. 76(3):641-651 (1978)
8SUGISAKI, H. and KURITA, Y. (2004), "Daily rhythm and seasonal variation of feeding habit of Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) in relation to their migration and oceanographic conditions off Japan". Fisheries Oceanography, 13: 63–73
9Feeding habits of three dominant myctophid fishes, Diaphus theta, Stenobrachius leucopsarus and S. nannochir, in the subarctic and transitional waters of the western North Pacific, Masatoshi Moku, Kouichi Kawaguchi, Hikaru Watanabe, Akinori Ohno, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 207: 129–140, 2000
10Historic and current habitat use by North Pacific right whales Eubalaena japonica in the Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska, KIM E. W. SHELDEN, SUE E. MOORE, JANICE M. WAITE, PAUL R. WADE and DAVID J. RUGH, Mammal Rev. 2005, Volume 35, No. 2, 129–155
11Feeding habits of mesopelagic fish Lampanyctus jordani (Family: Myctophidae) over the continental slope off Tohoku area, northern Japan, Kazuhisa UCHIKAWA, Orio YAMAMURA AND Tsutomu HATTORI, FISHERIES SCIENCE 2008; 74: 69–76
12Xue, Y., Jin, X., Zhang, B. and Liang, Z. (2005), Seasonal, diel and ontogenetic variation in feeding patterns of small yellow croaker in the central Yellow Sea. Journal of Fish Biology, 67: 33–50.
13THE VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION AND FEEDING HABITS OF TWO COMMON MIDWATER FISHES (LEUROGLOSSUS STILBIUS AND STENOBRACHIUS LEUCOPSARUS) OFF SANTA BARBARA, GREGOR M. CAILLIET, ALFRED W. EBELING, CalCOFl Rep., Vol. 31, 1990, p. 106-123
14Diet of the mesopelagic fish Notoscopelus japonicus (Family: Myctophidae) associated with the continental slope off the Pacific coast of Honshu, Japan, Uchikawa, Kazuhisa; Yamamura, Orio; Kitagawa, Daiji; Sakurai, Yasunori, Fisheries Science, 68(5): 1034-1040, 2002
15Ocean climate, euphausiids and auklet nesting: inter-annual trends and variation in phenology, diet and growth of a planktivorous seabird, Ptychoramphus aleuticus, Christine L. Abraham, William J. Sydeman, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, Vol. 274: 235–250, 2004
16Seabird distribution, abundance and diets in the eastern and central Aleutian Islands, J. JAHNCKE, K. O. COYLE AND GEORGE L. HUNT, JR, Fish. Oceanogr. 14 (Suppl. 1), 160–177, 2005
17Diet analysis of Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax) off the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia from 1997 to 2008, Gordon McFarlane, Jacob Schweigert, Jackie Detering and Vanessa Hodes, Pacific Biological Station, Fisheries & Oceans Canada
18FOOD HABITS AND DIETARY OVERLAP OF SOME SHELF ROCKFISHES (GENUS SEBASTES) FROM THE NORTHEASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN, RiCHARD D. BRODEUR AND WILLIAM G. PEARCY, FISHERY BULLETIN: VOL. 82. NO.2. 1984. p. 269-293
19Comparative feeding ecology of two sympatric rockfish congeners, Sebastes caurinus (copper rockfish) and S. maliger (quillback rockfish), D. J. Murie, Marine Biology (1995) 124: 341-353
20Food Habits as an Ecological Partitioning Mechanism in the Nearshore Rockfishes (Sebastes) of Carmel Bay, California, Dale Alan Roberts, Masters Thesis, San Francisco State University, 1979
21Feeding habits of the mesopelagic fish Gonostoma gracile in the northwestern North Pacific, KAZUHISA UCHIKAWA, ORIO YAMAMURA and YASUNORI SAKURAI, Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 57, pp. 509 to 517, 2001
22The Feeding Habits of Three Species of Lanternfishes (Family Myctophidae) off Oregon, USA, H. R. Tyler, Jr. and W. G. Pearcy, Marine Biology 32, 7-11 (1975)
23Feeding habits and ontogenetic diet shift of hairtail fish (Trichiurus lepturus) in East China Sea and Yelow Sea, ZHANG Bo, Marine Fisheries Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2004
24Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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