Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Testudines > Cheloniidae > Eretmochelys > Eretmochelys imbricata
 

Eretmochelys imbricata (Hawksbill; Hawksbill sea turtle)

Synonyms: Chelone imbricata; Chelonia imbricata; Chelonia radiata; Testudo imbricata

Infraspecies

Eretmochelys imbricata bissa (Pacific hawksbill turtle)
Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata (Atlantic hawksbill turtle)
Eretmochelys imbricata squamata (Synonym of Eretmochelys imbricata bissa, Pacific hawksbill turtle)

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Eretmochelys imbricata

Attributes

Female Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Migration [1]  Intraoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Reef

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Christmas and Cocos Islands tropical forests Australia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Maldives Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Malpelo Island xeric scrub Colombia Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands    
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
American Memorial Park   Saipan, Northern Mariana Island  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Biscayne National Park II 11085 Florida, United States
Bunaken Manado Tua Marine National Park II 241403 Indonesia  
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Cayos Utila Wildlife Refuge Marine National Park   Honduras      
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Guanaja Marine Reserve 69190 Honduras      
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Jeanette Kawas National Park 6379 Honduras    
Komodo National Park II 514967 Indonesia  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Mochima National Park 206087 Venezuela  
Mu Ko Surin National Park Marine National Park II 39278 Thailand    
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras        
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva Estatal del Palmar Reserve 122954 Mexico    
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Roatán   Honduras        
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
Siberut National Park II 481789 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Sirinath National Park Marine National Park II 22767 Thailand
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve 15148 Virgin Islands, United States  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Antigua And Barbuda

Prey / Diet

Aaptos aaptos (Sponge)[3]
Aurelia aurita (moon jelly)[4]
Chondrilla nucula (Chicken liver sponge)[3]
Geodia neptuni[3]
Spheciospongia vesparium (Common loggerhead sponge)[3]
Suberites domuncula[3]
Tethya actinia[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aluterus scriptus (unicornfish)1
Cantherhines pullus (Tobaccofish)1
Holacanthus ciliaris (Yellow angelfish)2
Holacanthus passer (whitestripe angelfish)1
Holacanthus tricolor (Yellow nanny)1
Pomacanthus arcuatus (Pot cover)1
Pomacanthus paru (French angelfish)2
Pomacanthus zonipectus (Cortez angelfish)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Adenogaster serialis <Unverified Name>[5]
Amphiorchis amphiorchis[5]
Amphiorchis caborojoensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Amphiorchis indicus <Unverified Name>[5]
Amphiorchis lateralis <Unverified Name>[5]
Angiodictyium anteroporum <Unverified Name>[5]
Angiodictyium mooreae <Unverified Name>[5]
Angiodictyium parallelum <Unverified Name>[5]
Angiodictyium posterovitellatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Calycodes caborojoensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cricocephalus albus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cricocephalus americanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cricocephalus megastomus <Unverified Name>[5]
Desmogonius desmogonius <Unverified Name>[5]
Diaschistorchis lateralis <Unverified Name>[5]
Diaschistorchis pandus[5]
Enodiotrema megachondrus[5]
Enodiotrema microvitellatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Enodiotrema reductum <Unverified Name>[5]
Enodiotrema schikhobalovae <Unverified Name>[5]
Epibathra stenobursata <Unverified Name>[5]
Glyphicephalus latus <Unverified Name>[5]
Glyphicephalus lobatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Glyphicephalus solidus <Unverified Name>[5]
Hapalotrema mehrai <Unverified Name>[5]
Hapalotrema orientale <Unverified Name>[5]
Hapalotrema synorchis[5]
Learedius learedi[5]
Learedius orientale <Unverified Name>[5]
Metacetabulum invaginatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Microscaphidium reticulare[5]
Octangium microrchis <Unverified Name>[5]
Octangium sagitta <Unverified Name>[5]
Octangium travassosi <Unverified Name>[5]
Orchidasma amphiorchis[5]
Pachypsolus brachus <Unverified Name>[5]
Pachypsolus ovalis[5]
Pachypsolus puertoricensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Plagiorchis brachus <Unverified Name>[5]
Plesiochorus cymbiformis[5]
Pleurogonius laterouterus <Unverified Name>[5]
Pleurogonius linearis <Unverified Name>[5]
Pleurogonius longibursatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Pleurogonius macrophallus <Unverified Name>[5]
Pleurogonius mandapamensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Pleurogonius ozakii <Unverified Name>[5]
Pleurogonius puertoriciensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Pleurogonius solidus <Unverified Name>[5]
Pleurogonius trigonocephalus[5]
Pleurogonius truncatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Schizamphistomum erratum <Unverified Name>[5]
Schizamphistomum scleroporum[5]
Styphlotrema solitarium[5]

Distribution

Atlantic, Pazific, and Indian oceans USA (California, Massachusetts, Washington, Western Atlantic: Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mi;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Uetz P., , in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Spongivory in Hawksbill Turtles: A Diet of Glass, Anne Meylan, Science, New Series, Vol. 239, No. 4838 (Jan. 22, 1988), pp. 393-395 4Clownfish and their Host Anemones ;; NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access