Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Odonata > Aeshnidae > Aeshna > Aeshna cyanea

Aeshna cyanea (Southern Hawker Dragonfly)

Synonyms: Aeshna aenea; Aeshna anquis; Aeshna atshischgho; Aeshna bicellulata; Aeshna maculatissima; Aeshna varia

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern hawker or blue hawker (Aeshna cyanea) is a 70 millimetres (2.8 in) long species of hawker dragonfly.The species is one of the most common and most widespread dragonflies in Europe. The total range is West Palearctic and covers a large part of Europe (to Scotland and southern Scandinavia in the North to Italy (without the Southwest) and the northern Balkans to the South); the Eastern boundary is formed by the Ural and the West by Ireland. It is also found in Northwest Africa (Algeria). In Central Europe the species is very common
View Wikipedia Record: Aeshna cyanea


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bath and Bradford-on-Avon Bats 265 England, United Kingdom  
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Epping Forest 3966 England, United Kingdom  
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Fenn`s, Whixall, Bettisfield, Wem and Cadney Mosses 2346 England/Wales, United Kingdom  
Mendip Limestone Grasslands 1032 England, United Kingdom
Minsmere to Walberswick Heaths and Marshes 3127 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Bat Sites and Bosherston Lakes/ Safleoedd Ystlum Sir Benfro a Llynnoedd Bosherston 303 Wales, United Kingdom  
Richmond Park 2092 England, United Kingdom  
Rixton Clay Pits 35 England, United Kingdom  
Roydon Common and Dersingham Bog 869 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sidmouth to West Bay 2217 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Winterton – Horsey Dunes 1053 England, United Kingdom  
Yewbarrow Woods 279 England, United Kingdom


Prey / Diet

Asellus aquaticus (waterlouse)[1]
Chaoborus obscuripes[1]
Cloeon cognatum[1]
Corixa punctata (lesser water boatman)[1]
Crangonyx pseudogracilis (northern river crangonyctid)[1]
Cymatia coleoptrata[1]
Daphnia magna (Giant water flea)[1]
Dolichopus ungulatus[2]
Gammarus pulex[1]
Helobdella stagnalis[1]
Hygrotus inaequalis[1]
Melitaea cinxia (Glanville Fritillary)[2]
Polycelis tenuis[1]
Potamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mud snail)[1]
Radix balthica (wandering snail)[1]
Rana temporaria (European frog)[2]
Sialis lutaria (Common Alderfly)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Anax imperator (Emperor Dragonfly )2
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)1
Charadrius dubius (Little Ringed Plover)1
Chrysopa perla (Perly Green Lacewing)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)1
Coccinella septempunctata (sevenspotted lady beetle)1
Cordulegaster boltonii (Golden-ringed Dragonfly)1
Cordulia aenea (Downy Emerald Dragonfly)1
Dolomedes fimbriatus (Raft Spider)2
Dytiscus marginalis (Predaceous diving beetle)1
Gerris lacustris (Common Pond Skater)1
Gomphus pulchellus (Western Clubtail Dragonfly)1
Hydrometra stagnorum (Water Measurer)1
Ichthyosaura alpestris (Alpine Newt)1
Leucorrhinia dubia (White-faced Dragonfly)1
Libellula depressa (Broad-bodied Chaser Dragonfly)1
Libellula quadrimaculata (Four-spotted Skimmer)1
Lissotriton helveticus (Palmate Newt)1
Meles meles (European Badger)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)1
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)1
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)1
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)1
Nepa cinerea (Water Scorpion)1
Orthetrum cancellatum (Black-tailed Skimmer)1
Pirata piraticus (Spider)1
Somatochlora metallica (Brilliant Emerald)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)1
Sympetrum danae (Black Darter)1
Sympetrum flaveolum (Yellow-winged Darter)1
Sympetrum fonscolombii (Red-veined Darter)1
Sympetrum sanguineum (Ruddy Darter)1
Sympetrum striolatum (Common Darter)1
Sympetrum vulgatum (Vagrant Darter)1
Tetragnatha extensa (Long-jawed Orb Weaver)1


Dytiscus marginalis (Predaceous diving beetle)[2]
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)[2]

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Ecology of Commanster
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access