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Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)

Wikipedia Abstract

The gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, is a moth in the family Lymantriidae of Eurasian origin. Originally ranging from Europe to Asia, it was introduced to North America in the late 1860s and has been expanding its range ever since. It is also known as the Asian gypsy moth.
View Wikipedia Record: Lymantria dispar

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Lymantria dispar commonly known as the Asian gypsy moth (AGM), is one of the most destructive pests of shade, fruit and ornamental trees throughout the northern hemisphere. It is also a major pest of hardwood forests. AGM caterpillars cause extensive defoliation, leading to reduced growth or even mortality of the host tree. Their presence can destroy the aesthetic beauty of an area by defoliating and killing the trees and covering the area with their waste products and silk. Scenic areas that were once beautiful have become spotted with dead standing trees where AGM has invaded. Also, urticacious hairs on larvae and egg masses cause allergies in some people.
View ISSG Record: Lymantria dispar

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Norrkrog 41 Sweden  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Abies balsamea (Canadian fir)[1]
Acer negundo (box elder)[1]
Acer pensylvanicum (moosewood)[1]
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)[1]
Acer rubrum[1]
Acer saccharinum[1]
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)[1]
Acer spicatum (mountain maple)[1]
Alnus incana (gray alder)[1]
Alnus serrulata (hazel alder)[1]
Amelanchier alnifolia (serviceberry)[1]
Aralia cordata var. cordata[1]
Berberis vulgaris (epine-vinette commune)[1]
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)[1]
Betula lenta (sweet birch)[1]
Betula nigra (river birch)[1]
Betula papyrifera (mountain paper birch)[1]
Betula pendula (European white birch)[1]
Betula populifolia (gray birch)[1]
Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam)[2]
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)[3]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[3]
Fraxinus americana (white ash)[3]
Juglans cinerea (butternut)[3]
Nothofagus fusca (Red Beech)[4]
Nothofagus solandri (Black Beech)[4]
Ostrya virginiana (Chisos hophornbeam)[3]
Pinus strobus[3]
Prunus pensylvanica (Fire Cherry)[3]
Prunus serotina[3]
Prunus spinosa (Blackthorn)[3]
Pyrus communis (common pear)[3]
Tilia americana (American basswood)[3]
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)[3]
Acer rubrum (red maple)[2]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[2]
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)[2]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[2]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[2]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[2]
Populus grandidentata[2]
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)[2]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[2]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[2]
Salix nigra (black willow)[2]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acleris logiana4
Acleris variegana (Garden rose tortricid moth)3
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)4
Acronicta leporina (miller)4
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)5
Acronicta rumicis (Knot Grass)3
Acronicta tridens (Dark Dagger)3
Apis mellifera (honey bee)4
Archips rosana (Rose Tortrix)3
Arctia caja (garden tiger moth)3
Biston betularia (peppered moth)3
Byctiscus betulae (Hazel Leaf Roller)3
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)5
Chloroclysta siterata (Red-green Carpet)3
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)5
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)4
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)4
Ectropis crepuscularia (small engrailed)8
Epinotia solandriana3
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)3
Eupithecia subfuscata (gray pug)4
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Brown-tail)7
Euproctis similis3
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)4
Eurois occulta (great gray dart)3
Hydrelia sylvata (Waved Carpet)3
Hydriomena furcata (July Highflyer)5
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)3
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)3
Leucoma salicis (White Satin Moth)3
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)5
Melanchra persicariae (Dot Moth)3
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)4
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)9
Orgyia antiqua (Rusty Tussock Moth)13
Orthotaenia undulana10
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)5
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)3
Plemyria rubiginata (Blue-bordered Carpet)3
Poecilocampa populi (December Moth)3
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)3
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)4
Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae (water lily aphid)3
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)3
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)3
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)4

Predators

Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)[2]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[2]
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[2]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[2]
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)[2]
Cicindela sexguttata (Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)[2]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[2]
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)[2]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[2]
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)[2]
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)[2]
Laphria grossa[5]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[2]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[2]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[2]
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[2]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[2]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[2]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[2]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[2]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[2]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[2]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[2]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[2]

Providers

Parasite of 
Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)[2]
Shelter 
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (American ivy)[2]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[2]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[2]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[2]
Acer rubrum (red maple)[2]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[2]
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)[2]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[2]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[2]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[2]
Populus grandidentata[2]
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)[2]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[2]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[2]
Salix nigra (black willow)[2]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[2]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Beccaloni G., 23/03/2011, LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 2Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 4New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 5Predator-Prey Database for the family Asilidae (Hexapoda: Diptera) Prepared by Dr. Robert Lavigne, Professor Emeritus, University of Wyoming, USA and Dr. Jason Londt (Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg)
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access