Animalia > Mollusca > Cephalopoda > Sepiida > Sepiidae > Sepia > Sepia officinalis

Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)

Synonyms: Sepia filliouxi; Sepia fischeri; Sepia mediterranea; Sepia zebrina

Wikipedia Abstract

The common cuttlefish or European common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) is one of the largest and best-known cuttlefish species. It grows to 49 cm in mantle length (ML) and 4 kg in weight. Animals from subtropical seas are smaller and rarely exceed 30 cm in ML.The common cuttlefish is native to at least the Mediterranean Sea, North Sea, and Baltic Sea, although subspecies have been proposed as far south as South Africa. It lives on sand and mud seabeds to a depth of around 200 m.
View Wikipedia Record: Sepia officinalis



Diet [1]  Carnivore
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Reef

Prey / Diet

Astacus leptodactylus <Unverified Name>[2]
Atelecyclus undecimdentatus[3]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[3]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[3]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[4]


Alosa fallax (Twaite shad)[4]
Epinephelus marginatus (Yellowbelly rockcod)[5]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)[4]
Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose six-gill shark)[6]
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)[4]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[4]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Molva molva (Ling)[4]
Mustelus mustelus (Sweet William)[4]
Mustelus punctulatus (Black spotted smooth hound)[7]
Pagellus erythrinus (Spanish sea bream)[4]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[4]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[4]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[4]
Seriola dumerili (Yellow tail)[4]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[4]
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)[4]
Symphodus tinca (painted wrasse)[8]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[2]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[9]
Derogenes varicus[9]
Dicyemennea gracile[9]
Microcyema vespa[9]
Pseudicyema truncatum[9]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Oceanario de Lisboa
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Zoological Society of London



Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 3Feeding habits of the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis during its life cycle in the Sado estuary (Portugal), Ana Neves, Vera Sequeira, Ana Rita Vieira, Rafaela Paiva, Leonel Serrano Gordo, Hydrobiologia (2009) 636:479–488 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5ANALYSIS OF TROPHIC ONTOGENY IN EPINEPHELUS MARGINATUS (SERRANIDAE), Marta LINDE, Antoni M. GRAU, Francesca RIERA & Enric MASSUTÍ-PASCUAL, Cybium 2004, 28(1): 27-35 6BLUNTNOSE SIXGILL SHARK, HEXANCHUS GRISEUS (BONNATERRE, 1788), IN THE EASTERN NORTH SICILIAN WATERS, Antonio Celona, Alessandro De Maddalena, Teresa Romeo, Boll. Mus. civ. St. nat. Venezia, 56 (2005) p. 137-151 7Reproductive biology and diet of Mustelus punctulatus (Risso, 1826) (Chondrichthyes: Triakidae) from the Gulf of Gabe&#768;s, central Mediterranean Sea, Bechir Saïdi, Mohamed Nejmeddine Bradaï and Abderrahman Bouaïn, Scientia Marina 73(2) June 2009, 249-258, Barcelona (Spain) 8The diet of the peacock wrasse, Symphodus (Crenilabrus) tinca (Labridae), in the southern coast of Tunisia, Amira OUANNES-GHORBEL and Abderrahmane BOUAIN, ACTA ADRIATICA, 47 (2): 175-182, 2006 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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