Northern Virginia Foodweb for Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)

Northern Virginia
Buteo jamaicensis
(Red-tailed Hawk)
Chelydra serpentina
(Common Snapping Turtle)
Phalacrocorax auritus
(Double-crested Cormorant)
Strix varia
(Barred Owl)
Vulpes vulpes
(Red Fox)
 
Didelphis virginiana
(Virginia Opossum)
Mephitis mephitis
(Striped Skunk)
Procyon lotor
(Raccoon)
Thamnophis sirtalis
(Common Garter Snake)
 
Ardea herodias
(Great Blue Heron)
Heterodon platirhinos
(Eastern Hognose Snake)
 
Nerodia sipedon
(Northern Water Snake)
 
Microtus pennsylvanicus
(meadow vole)
 
Juniperus virginiana
(Eastern Red-cedar)
 
Chenopodium album
(lambsquarters goosefoot)
Digitaria ischaemum
(small crabgrass)
Liquidambar styraciflua
(sweetgum)
Panicum virgatum
(old switch panic grass)
Populus grandidentata
(bigtooth aspen)
Quercus alba
(White Oak)
Quercus phellos
(Willow Oak)
Rosa virginiana
(Virginia Rose)
 
Cirsium vulgare
(Spear Thistle)
Crataegus viridis
(desert hawthorn)
Pinus strobus
(Eastern white pine)
Pinus virginiana
(Virginia pine)
Prunus serotina
(Black Cherry)
Quercus velutina
(Black Oak)
 
Acer rubrum
(red maple)
Acer saccharinum
(silver maple)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
(Common Ragweed)
Betula nigra
(river birch)
Flavoparmelia caperata
(flavoparmelia lichen)
Ilex opaca
(American holly)
Poa pratensis
(Kentucky bluegrass)
Trifolium pratense
(Red Clover)
 
Ecosystem provided by Study of Northern Virginia Ecology